Five Agreements between India and China

India and China have had a long history of diplomatic relations and trade agreements, dating back to ancient times. However, recent developments in the geopolitical landscape have put a strain on the bilateral relationship between the two Asian giants. Despite this, several agreements have been made between the two countries in the past few years, with the aim of promoting cooperation and resolving disputes. Here are the top five agreements between India and China that you need to know about:

1) Border Dispute Mechanism: In 2013, India and China signed an agreement called the Border Defence Cooperation Agreement, which aimed to maintain peace and tranquility along their shared border. The agreement established a set of confidence-building measures, including a hotline between the two armies, regular meetings between local military commanders, and a mechanism for resolving border disputes.

2) Trade and Investment: India and China have established a number of trade and investment agreements in recent years, with the aim of expanding their economic ties. In 2018, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for promoting exports of non-Basmati rice from India to China. India has also been seeking greater market access for its pharmaceuticals and agricultural products in China.

3) Cultural Exchange: India and China have a shared cultural and historical legacy dating back thousands of years. In 2014, the two countries signed an agreement for promoting cultural exchange and cooperation in fields like art, literature, music, and film. The agreement aims to promote people-to-people contact and deepen mutual understanding between the two nations.

4) Regional Security: India and China share common interests in regional security issues, including the stability of Afghanistan, the fight against terrorism, and maritime security in the Indian Ocean. In 2018, the two countries signed an MoU on cooperation in the field of security, which aimed to deepen their engagement on these issues.

5) Climate Change: India and China are two of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases in the world and have a shared responsibility to combat climate change. In 2015, the two countries jointly announced their climate change pledges, which included reducing carbon intensity and increasing the use of renewable energy. The agreement was seen as a significant breakthrough, given the previous differences between the two countries on climate change issues.

In conclusion, despite the recent tensions between India and China, the two countries have made several agreements to promote cooperation and resolve disputes. These agreements cover a wide range of areas, including trade, culture, security, and climate change, and reflect the shared interests of the two nations in promoting regional peace and prosperity. As the two countries continue to work towards resolving their differences, these agreements will play a crucial role in building a stable and cooperative relationship between India and China.